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What happened on August 12th in history

 

 

  • August 12, 0030 BC – Cleopatra commits suicide after her defeat and Mark Antony’s defeat at the battle of Actium.  
  • August 12, 0490 “BC – the Battle of Marathon, in which Athens defeated an invading army of Persians, may have been fought on this date in the proleptic Julian calendar – see also 12 September.”
  • August 12, 0875 “The Holy Roman Emperor Louis II dies in Brescia at age 50 after having named his cousin Carloman, son of Louis the German, as his successor, but Charles the Bald persuades Carloman to go home, beats Louis the German to Rome, and makes himself emperor

 

 

  • August 12, 1099 “A kingdom of Jerusalem is established under the Norman Godfrey of Bouillon, who is elected king and assumes the title Defender of the Holy Sepulcher He defeats an Egyptian force at Askalon August 12, but disease and starvation have reduced the Crusaders to 60,000, down from an original strength of 300,000, and most of the survivors head for home

 

  • August 12, 1099 First Crusade: Battle of Ascalon – Crusaders under the command of Godfrey of Bouillon defeat Fatimid forces under Al-Afdal Shahanshah. Considered the last engagement of the First Crusade.
  • August 12, 1121 Battle of Didgori: The Georgian army under King David the Builder won a decisive victory over the famous Seljuk commander Ilghazi.
  • August 12, 1164 Battle of Harim: Nur ad-Din defeats the Crusader armies of the County of Tripoli and the Principality of Antioch.
  • August 12, 1281 The fleet of Qubilai Khan is destroyed by a typhoon while approaching Japan.
  • August 12, 1323 Treaty of Nteborg – Sweden and Novgorod (Russia) regulates the border for the first time.
  • August 12, 1332 Battle of Dupplin Moor where the Scots led by the regent Earl of Mar squandered their numerical advantage and following a confused attack were routed with heavy losses by Edward Balliol’s army
  • August 12, 1332 “Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Dupplin Moor – Scots under Domhnall II, Earl of Mar routed by Edward Balliol.”
  • August 12, 1480 Battle of Otranto – Ottoman troops behead 800 Christians for refusing to convert to Islam.
  • August 12, 1499 First act of the Battle of Zonchio between Venetian and Ottoman fleets.
  • August 12, 1508 Ponce de Le›n arrives in Puerto Rico
  • August 12, 1553 Pope Julius III orders confiscation and burning of the Talmud
  • August 12, 1676 King Philip’s War (vs Wampanoag Indians) ends in New England
  • August 12, 1676 “Praying Indian John Alderman shot and killed Metacomet the Wampanoag war chief, ending King Philip’s War.”
  • August 12, 1687 Charles of Lorraine defeats the Ottomans at the Battle of Mohcs.
  • August 12, 1793 The Rhne department was created when the former dpartement of Rhne-et-Loire was split into two departments: Rhne and Loire (Lre).
  • August 12, 1806 Santiago de Liniers re-takes the city of Buenos Aires after the first British invasion.
  • August 12, 1833 Chicago was founded.
  • August 12, 1845 “Off Point Pelee, Ontario the steamships Kent and London collide in clear weather, with the loss of ten lives.”
  • August 12, 1851 Isaac Singer granted a patent for his sewing machine.
  • August 12, 1851 Isaac Singer granted patent for his sewing machine
  • August 12, 1862 “Gen John Hunt Morgan and his raiders capture Gallatin, TX”
  • August 12, 1863 “First cargo of lumber leaves Burrard Inlet (Vancouver, BC area)”
  • August 12, 1863 The first cargo of lumber leaves Burrard Inlet for export.
  • August 12, 1867 Pres A Johnson defies Congress suspending Sec of War Edwin Stanton
  • August 12, 1876 Madeline (US) beats Countess Dufferin (Canada) in 4th America’s Cup
  • August 12, 1876 “Off Newport Rhode Island, the US yacht Madeleine beats the Countess Dufferin from Toronto in two straight heats in the 4th America’s Cup.”
  • August 12, 1877 Asaph Hall discovers Deimos.
  • August 12, 1877 “Thomas Edison invents the Edisonphone, a sound recording device”
  • August 12, 1879 First National Archery Association tournament (Chicago)
  • August 12, 1879 The Intercolonial Railway gains access to Quebec by purchasing the Grand Trunk line between Quebec and RiviŠre du Loup.
  • August 12, 1882 “Great Western Railway, controlling 1,009 miles of track is merged into the Grand Trunk System.”