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What happened on july 19th


  • July 19, 0711 Muslim forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeat the Visigoths led by their king Roderic. 
  • July 19, 1333 “Battle of Halidon Hill at Berwick where an English army under Edward III and Edward Balliol defeated the Scots forces led by Sir Archibald Douglas. English archers devastated the Scottish army and inflicted terrible losses, including six earls, seventy barons and over 500 knights”
  • July 19, 1544 Italian War of 1542: The Siege of Boulogne began.
  • July 19, 1545 The Tudor warship Mary Rose sinks off Portsmouth. 
  • July 19, 1553 15-year-old Lady Jane Grey deposed as England’s Queen after 9 days
  • July 19, 1553 Lady Jane Grey is replaced by Mary I of England as Queen of England after having that title for just nine days.
  • July 19, 1692 “Salem Witch Trials: Five women are hanged for witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts.”
  • July 19, 1760 “The formal request to found the later city of Mayagez, Puerto Rico is filed by its founders.”
  • July 19, 1810 “Prussia’s Queen Louise dies at age 34 Napoleon has tried to destroy her reputation, but his charges have only endeared her to her people


  • July 19, 1816 Survivors of French frigate Medusa rescued off Senegal after 17 days
  • July 19, 1843 “Brunel’s steamship the SS Great Britain is launched, becoming the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull or screw propeller and also becoming the largest vessel afloat in the world.”
  • July 19, 1848 “The first women’s rights convention (Seneca Falls, NY)”
  • July 19, 1848 “Women’s rights: The two day Women’s Rights Convention opens in Seneca Falls, New York and the “”Bloomers”” are introduced at the feminist convention.”
  • July 19, 1860 The railroad reaches Kansas
  • July 19, 1862 Forrest’s first raid
  • July 19, 1870 Franco-Prussian War: France declares war on Prussia.
  • July 19, 1873 William Gosse becomes the first European to discover Ayers Rock (Uluru) and names it in honour of South Australian Premier Sir Henry Ayers.
  • July 19, 1875 “Emma Abbott, a floating hospital for sick kids, makes trial trip, NYC”
  • July 19, 1877 The first Wimbledon tennis championships held
  • July 19, 1879 Doc Holliday kills for the first time after a man shoots up his New Mexico saloon.
  • July 19, 1880 SF Public Library starts lending books
  • July 19, 1907 K Lohnert discovers asteroid #639 Latona
  • July 19, 1912 “A meteorite with an estimated mass of 190 kg explodes over the town of Holbrook in Navajo County, Arizona causing approximately 16,000 pieces of debris to rain down on the town.”
  • July 19, 1913 “Billboard publishes earliest known “”Last Week’s 10 Best Sellers among Popular Songs”” Malinda’s Wedding Day is #1″
  • July 19, 1916 “Battle of Fromelles, France starts”
  • July 19, 1918 German armies retreat across Marne River in France (WW I)
  • July 19, 1919 “Following Peace Day celebrations marking the end of World War I, ex-servicemen rioted and burnt down Luton Town Hall.”