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What happened on August 2nd

August 2, 0216 BC – Second Punic War: Battle of Cannae – The Carthaginian army lead by Hannibal defeats a numerically superior Roman army under command of consuls Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Terentius Varro. 

  • August 2, 0338 “BC – A Macedonian army led by Philip II defeated the combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the Battle of Chaeronea, securing Macedonian hegemony in Greece and the Aegean.”
  • August 2, 1100 England’s William II Rufus dies at age 44 after being struck by an arrow while hunting in the New Forest Sir Walter Tyrel is accused of having shot the arrow but flees the country to avoid a trial and then protests his innocence (Ralph of Aix is also accused)

 

 

  • August 2, 1375 The first roller skating rink opens (London)
  • August 2, 1610 “Henry Hudson sails into what it is now known as Hudson Bay, thinking he had made it through the Northwest Passage and reached the Pacific Ocean.”
  • August 2, 1776 Delegates to the Continental Congress begin signing the United States Declaration of Independence.
  • August 2, 1790 The first US Census is conducted.
  • August 2, 1802 The French make Bonaparte first consul for life August 2 and give him the right to name his successor

 

 

  • August 2, 1869 “Japan’s samurai, farmer, artisan, merchant class system (Shinksh) is abolished as part of the Meiji Restoration reforms. (Traditional Japanese date: June 25, 1869).”
  • August 2, 1870 “Tower Subway, the world’s first underground tube railway, opens in London.”
  • August 2, 1876 “Wild Bill Hickok draws the Dead Man’s Hand – a pair of aces and a pair of eights, when he was shot”
  • August 2, 1903 “Fall of the Ottoman Empire: Unsuccessful uprising of the Bulgarians in the region of Macedonia from the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization against Ottoman Turkey, also known as the Ilinden-Preobrazhenie Uprising.”
  • August 2, 1914 “Sherlock Holmes Adventure “”His Last Bow”” takes place”
  • August 2, 1916 World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci in Taranto.
  • August 2, 1918 Japan announces that it is deploying troops to Siberia in the aftermath of World War I.
  • August 2, 1921 “Enrico Carus opera singer: tenor, died”
  • August 2, 1924 Carroll O’Connor born (Archie Bunker in All in the Family)
  • August 2, 1931 Einstein urges all scientists to refuse military work.
  • August 2, 1932 The positron (antiparticle of the electron) is discovered by Carl D. Anderson.
  • August 2, 1934 “Death of Hindenberg. Hitler becomes head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces. Hitler proclaims himself “”Fuehrer”” and forces all military personnel to swear allegience to him.”
  • August 2, 1934 Gleichschaltung: Adolf Hitler becomes Fhrer of Germany.
  • August 2, 1937 “The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, essentially rendering marijuana and all its by-products illegal.”
  • August 2, 1939 Albert Einstein and Le Szilrd write a letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt urging him to begin the Manhattan project to develop a nuclear weapon.
  • August 2, 1943 “PT-109, under command of LTJG John F. Kennedy, cut in half by Japanese cruiser”
  • August 2, 1943 Rebellion in the Nazi death camp of Treblinka.
  • August 2, 1943 Revolt in Treblinka.
  • August 2, 1943 “World War II: PT-109 rammed by the Japanese destroyer Amagiri and sinks. Lt. John F. Kennedy, future US President, saves all but two of his crew.”
  • August 2, 1945 “World War II: Potsdam Conference, in which the Allied Powers discuss the future of defeated Germany, concludes.”