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What happened on August 15th in history

 

  • August 15, 0778 “The Battle of Roncevaux Pass, in which Roland is killed.” 
  • August 15, 0927 The Saracens are conquered and destroyed Taranto.
  • August 15, 1040 King Duncan I is killed in battle against his first cousin and rival Macbeth. The latter succeeds him as King of Scotland.
  • August 15, 1057 King Mac Bethad is killed in the Battle of Lumphanan by the forces of Mel Coluim mac Donnchada.
  • August 15, 1057 “Macbeth, King of Scotland, slain by son of King Duncan”
  • August 15, 1185 The cave city of Vardzia is consecrated by Queen Tamar of Georgia.
  • August 15, 1261 Michael VIII Palaeologus is crowned Byzantine emperor in Constantinople.
  • August 15, 1309 “The city of Rhodes surrenders to the forces of the Knights of St. John, completing their conquest of Rhodes. The knights establish their headquarters on the island, and rename themselves as the Knights of Rhodes.”
  • August 15, 1461 The Empire of Trebizond surrenders to the forces of Sultan Mehmet II. This is the real end of the Byzantine Empire. Emperor David is exiled and later murdered.
  • August 15, 1517 Seven Portuguese armed vessels led by Ferno Pires de Andrade meet Chinese officials at the Pearl River estuary.
  • August 15, 1519 Panama City founded
  • August 15, 1519 “Panama City, Panama, is founded.”
  • August 15, 1534 Saint Ignatius of Loyola and six classmates took initial vows that would lead to the creation of the Society of Jesus in September of 1540.
  • August 15, 1535 “Asuncion, Paraguay founded”
  • August 15, 1537 “Asuncin, Paraguay, is founded.”
  • August 15, 1540 “Arequipa, Peru, is founded.”
  • August 15, 1549 “Jesuit priest Saint Francis Xavier comes ashore at Kagoshima (Traditional Japanese date: July 22, 1549).”
  • August 15, 1620 Mayflower sets sail from Southampton with 102 Pilgrims
  • August 15, 1748 United Lutheran Church of US organized
  • August 15, 1760 Seven Years’ War: Battle of Liegnitz – Frederick the Great’s victory over the Austrians under Ernst von Laudon.
  • August 15, 1808 A British mission to Japan arrives but the Tokugawa shogun Ienari rejects the emissaries
  • August 15, 1822 “Census shows Upper Canada has 120,000 inhabitants, Lower Canada 500,000.”
  • August 15, 1824 Freed American slaves form Liberia.
  • August 15, 1832 Gregory XVI encyclical On liberalism and religious indifferentism
  • August 15, 1834 “South Australia Act is passed by Britain’s Parliament, allowing for establishment of colony there.”
  • August 15, 1843 National black convention meets (Buffalo NY)
  • August 15, 1843 “The Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace in Honolulu, Hawaii is dedicated. Now the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu, it is the oldest Roman Catholic cathedral in continuous use in the United States.”
  • August 15, 1843 “Tivoli Gardens, one of the oldest still intact amusement parks in the world, opens in Copenhagen, Denmark.”
  • August 15, 1858 Regular mail to the Pacific coast begins
  • August 15, 1863 “Submarine “”HL Hunley”” arrives in Charleston on railroad cars”
  • August 15, 1863 “The Anglo-Satsuma War begins between the Satsuma Domain of Japan and the United Kingdom (Traditional Japanese date: July 2, 1863).”
  • August 15, 1864 “Off New England coast, CSS Tallahassee captures 6 yankee schooners”
  • August 15, 1867 2nd Reform Bill extends suffrage in England
  • August 15, 1869 “Meiji government establishes six ministries below Pardication (ja:) in the bottom of Cabinet, officer-of-Shinto-Worship, and jurisdiction of Cabinet.”
  • August 15, 1870 Transcontinental Railway actually completed
  • August 15, 1889 “Oldest Club of Asia Mohun Bagan AC Established in Kolkata, India.”
  • August 15, 1889 The Great London dock strike from August 15 to September 16 helps extend British trade unionism from the skilled classes to the less skilled
  • August 15, 1893 US no longer allowed exclusive rights in Bering Sea
  • August 15, 1900 “Regular service is commenced over the 3’0″” gauge White Pass and Yukon Railway between Skagway, Alaska and Whitehorse, Yukon.”
  • August 15, 1901 “Arch Rock, danger to Bay shipping, blasted with 30 tons of nitro”